Are You?


pray herbicides on your farmland for a few seasons and what do you get?

Herbicide-resistant weeds.

Use antibiotics to control disease-spreading microbes for a few generations and what appears?

Antibiotic-resistant microbes.

Medicine is changing fast. But the medical system is not, at least not nearly as rapidly as the health challenges we face. Mainstream medicine’s been forced to march in place, locked into ways of understanding disease and relying on treatment models that haven’t changed substantially in decades.

This situation is partially the result of insurance company reimbursement schemes that are constantly looking to cut costs, seizing on any excuse to refuse payment for newly-developed treatments and enforcing standards of practice that long ago fell behind recent advances in medical science.

It’s also a response to the understandable resistance many of us have to recognizing how the choices we make every day set the biological stage for our diseases. We’re busy. We’re stressed and already overwhelmed. Who’s got the time and focus to become their own doctor and besides, isn’t that a foolish thing to do?

So managing symptoms takes the place of identifying and addressing the dynamics that cause disease in the first place. It’s simpler, cheaper, and easier to get most people to take pills than it is to teach them what they need to know to do an effective job of making lifestyle choices that help the body heal those root causes.

Today, those of us interested in doing the best medicine possible are moving away from treatment models of care and towards education-oriented models of healing. There will always be a need for healers and doctors to do what we do … but in the end …

The more we understand; the more we act on our knowledge of how our daily habits either build or undermine our health, the better that health will be and the longer we’ll be able to enjoy peaceful, productive lives.

The New Medicine: Functional Medicine

The new medicine understands that modern industrialized food has crucial nutrients refined out.1,2,3,4,5 It understands that the dose is not the poison, and that the witches’ brew of agricultural and industrial toxins accumulating in living tissue can be much more damaging at very low concentrations than higher ones, and more poisonous in combination than alone (the way they’re typically tested.)6,7,8,9

The new medicine recognizes the crucial, life-giving role of the four to five pounds of friendly bacteria that live in our guts and on our flesh. Our microbiomes synthesize essential nutrients for us, help us digest difficult-to-break-down proteins, and control how reactive our immune systems are. This means the bugs in our guts have a large say how inflamed we get.10,11,12,13

The new medicine gets that this low-grade inflammation triggered by an unhealthy microbiome is the root of much, if not most, chronic disease.14,15,16,17,18 The new medicine understands how important it is to address the causes of inflammation rather than suppress its symptoms with herbs or gut-destroying anti-inflammatories. It recognizes that stress makes inflammation worse19,20,21,22 and that inflammation in turn can drive chronically depressed or anxious mindsets, making it harder for us to cope successfully with the demands of our crazy-busy modern lives.23,24,25,26,27,28,29

The new medicine gets that low-grade inflammation is the root of all the chronic diseases of aging. It addresses cause rather than suppressing symptoms.


The new medicine gets that low-grade inflammation is the root of all the chronic diseases of aging. It addresses cause rather than suppressing symptoms.

Next Steps: I’m Here To Take Them With You.

Don’t get me wrong. Classical 20th-century style science-based medicine has worked wonders. Millions of people are alive today who, in earlier times, would have died without its help. It’s particularly excellent at dealing with medical crises.

But it can be a different story when it comes to chronic conditions, which by definition are the very problems for which classical medicine hasn’t been able to deliver good answers.

Just like throwing antibiotics at microbes or pesticides at insects works for awhile, classical 20th-century style medicine bought us time.

But now the bill’s coming due. We can see it in the relentless inflation of medical costs, the society-wide struggles over how to pay those costs and make sure the economically vulnerable have access to care.

To be sure, insurance and pharmaceutical company profiteering and the increasing needs of an aging population are some of the causes behind those ever-escalating costs.

But we’re also witnessing the passing of an old way of understanding just what good medicine is. As miraculous as it’s been compared to what came before, 20th century style medicine has reached a point of diminishing returns.

A new medicine is being born. It’s also science-based, but it looks at the issues involved in chronic disease from a very different direction, through a very different lens.

It’s often low-tech instead of high tech. It’s patient-centered and education-based instead of treatment focused.

That’s the medicine you’ll find here. That’s the kind of healing we offer.

Because in the end, it’s not the things that folks in scrubs or lab coats do that really heal those chronic root causes, as hard as they try and as amazing as the things they do can be when stuff hits the fan.

It’s the things each and every one of us do every day.

Assuming we’re informed.

 1. Scheer R, Moss, D. Dirt Poor: Have Fruits and Vegetables Become Less Nutritious? Scientific American. April 27, 2011.

 2. Bear, F.E., S.J. Toth, and A.L. Prince. 1948. Variation in mineral composition of vegetables. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 13:380-384.

 3. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 1999. USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 13. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page

 4. Davis DR, Epp MD, Riordan HD. Changes in USDA food composition data for 43 garden crops, 1950 to 1999. J Am Coll Nutr. 2004 Dec;23(6):669-8.

 5. Close attention to these studies reveals only modest drops in macronutrient minerals (Ca, K) but more substantial drops in micronutrients (esp. Mg.) Micronutrients are the essential minerals that modern agricultural methods dictate we supplement intelligently these days.

 6. Hayes TB, Case P, et al. Pesticide mixtures, endocrine disruption, and amphibian declines: are we underestimating the impact? Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Apr;114 Suppl 1:40-50.

 7. Rizzati V, Briand O, et al. Effects of pesticide mixtures in human and animal models: An update of the recent literature. Chem Biol Interact. 2016 Jul 25;254:231-46.

 8. Hernández AF, Parrón T, et al. Toxic effects of pesticide mixtures at a molecular level: their relevance to human health. Toxicology. 2013 May 10;307:136-45.

 9. Cedergreen N. Quantifying synergy: a systematic review of mixture toxicity studies within environmental toxicology. PLoS One. 2014 May 2;9(5):e96580.

10. Latulippe ME, Meheust A, et al. ILSI Brazil International Workshop on Functional Foods: a narrative review of the scientific evidence in the area of carbohydrates, microbiome, and health. Food Nutr Res. 2013;57. doi: 10.3402/fnr.v57i0.19214.

11. Kang DW, Park JG, et al. Reduced incidence of Prevotella and other fermenters in intestinal microflora of autistic children. PLoS One. 2013 Jul 3;8(7).

12. Neis EP, Dejong CH, Rensen SS. The role of microbial amino acid metabolism in host metabolism. Nutrients. 2015 Apr 16;7(4):2930-46.

13. Stecher B. The Roles of Inflammation, Nutrient Availability and the Commensal Microbiota in Enteric Pathogen Infection. Microbiol Spectr. 2015 Jun;3(3).

14. Samsel A, Seneff S. Glyphosate’s Suppression of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and Amino Acid Biosynthesis by the Gut Microbiome: Pathways to Modern Diseases. Entropy 2013, 15(4), 1416-1463.

15. Bowe WP, Patel NB, Logan AC. Acne vulgaris, probiotics and the gut-brain-skin axis: from anecdote to translational medicine. Benef Microbes. 2013 Jul 25:1-15.

16. Roberfroid M, Gibson GR, et al. Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health benefits. Br J Nutr. 2010 Aug;104 Suppl 2:S1-63.

17. Morris G, Berk M, et al. The Role of the Microbial Metabolites Including Tryptophan Catabolites and Short Chain Fatty Acids in the Pathophysiology of Immune-Inflammatory and Neuroimmune Disease. Mol Neurobiol. 2017 Aug;54(6):4432-4451.

18. Rodriguez-Iturbe B, Pons H, Johnson RJ. Role of the Immune System in Hypertension. Physiol Rev. 2017 Jul 1;97(3):1127-1164.

19. Bonaz B. Inflammatory bowel diseases: a dysfunction of brain-gut interactions? Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol. 2013 Sep;59(3):241-59.

20. Coussons-Read ME, Okun ML, Nettles CD. Psychosocial stress increases inflammatory markers and alters cytokine production across pregnancy. Brain Behav Immun. 2007 Mar;21(3):343-50.

21. Black PH. Stress and the inflammatory response: a review of neurogenic inflammation. Brain Behav Immun. 2002 Dec;16(6):622-53.

22. Fagundes CP, Glaser R, et al. Depressive symptoms enhance stress-induced inflammatory responses. Brain Behav Immun. 2013 Jul;31:172-6.

23. Rieder R, Wisniewski PJ, Alderman BL, Campbell SC. Microbes and mental health: A review. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Jan 25.

24. Rivest S. Interactions between the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Prog Brain Res. 2010;181:43-53.

25. Schiepers OJ, Wichers MC, Maes M. Cytokines and major depression. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Feb;29(2):201-17.

26. Raison CL, Miller AH. The evolutionary significance of depression in Pathogen Host Defense (PATHOS-D). Mol Psychiatry. 2012 Jan 31. doi: 10.1038/mp.2012.2.

27. Vargas HO, Vargas Nunes SO, et al. Oxidative stress and lowered total antioxidant status are associated with a history of suicide attempts. J Affect Disord. 2013 Sep 25;150(3):923-30.

28. Berk M, Williams LJ, Jacka FN, et al. So depression is an inflammatory disease, but where does the inflammation come from? BMC Med. 2013 Sep 12;11:200.

29. Iwata M, Ota KT, Duman RS. The inflammasome: pathways linking psychological stress, depression, and systemic illnesses. Brain Behav Immun. 2013 Jul;31:105-14.

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